Diabetes 101: A Serious Disease

21 10 2008


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Updated:  9 May 2014

An individual with elevated blood sugar (glucose) levels outside of normal and/or glucose absorption problems is described to be diabetic.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas allowing glucose to be absorbed by the body.  This hormone is required to stabilize & metabolize the body’s sugar.  Insulin triggers cells of the body to absorb glucose from the blood stream storing the glucose as glycogen within the liver, muscle and fat tissue cells.  Glucose in the blood stream and glycogen are the primary muscle storage fuel source used first by the body’s metabolism.  A diabetic without insulin develops “diabetic ketoacidosis,” which can lead to coma, or death.

Diabetes is treatable since insulin shots became available in 1921.  “However, there is still no cure.” 2 Diabetes Types: 

Type 1 – Diabetes Mellitus – The pancreases inability to produce insulin requires insulin shots, diet and blood monitoring.  This type of diabetes can affect children as well as adults, first dubbed “juvenile diabetes” because it represents a majority of children diagnosed with diabetes. Some scientists believe Type 1 represents an autoimmune issue that results in permanent damage of the pancreases ability to generate insulin.  Exact cause of this disease is unknown.

Type 2 – Diabetes Mellitus – Although the body produces insulin with Type 2, medication and diet is required to stimulate the body’s insulin receptors to absorb the blood sugar.  Without medication to assist the body’s insulin function this type of person becomes hyperglycemic (high blood sugar), like a Type 1 diabetic.  Should the Type 2 individual stop producing insulin they are then treated as a Type 1 diabetic with insulin shots, blood monitoring, diet, exercise and other medications. 

Treatment consists of insulin shots, other medications, dietary, blood monitoring, aerobic exercise, etc., to manage these 2 diseases.  This disease is complicated by other influences, i.e., genetic predisposition, environmental and autoimmune factors.  Type 1 can turn into Type 2.  Type 2 diabetic does not have to start as a Type 1.  Onset risk to Type 2 diabetes can be triggered by obesity and signified as “Central Obesity” around the waist (also known as adult onset diabetes).  Blood Glucose should be maintained between 80-120mg/dl which is considered normal blood sugar levels. 

Controlled treatment of diabetes is to be taken seriously and considered a serious health condition.  Because if not treated appropriately acute and chronic conditions can and do arise regardless of what type of diabetes one may have.  Serious long-term complications of diabetes mismanagement include but not limited to:  Cardiovascular disease, chronic renal (kidneys) failure, retinal (eyes) damage, nerve damage, impotence, poor wound healing, and gangrene of the feet (possible amputation), etc. 

1.   Seek medical diagnosis if you experience extreme wt loss/gain, or can’t manage your weight.
2.   Maintain low blood pressure & cholesterol intake; quit smoking and consumption of alcohol.
3.   See IBW (Ideal Body Weight) & BMI (Body Mass Index) found with our internal subscriber page.  Visit our Home Site Fitness Calc.
4.   Visit our Health Repository – Read MirrorAthlete Free articles on Weight loss, fitness, health, Nutrition, etc.
5.   Supplement your diet with V&M’s & anti-oxidant Immune boosters.  Read our free articles on Anti-Aging and longevity secrets.
6.   Eliminate sugar substitutes & reduce sugar intake in your diet.  “DO NOT” drink diet sodas!
7.   Weight loss – Increase aerobic activities; Increase fiber & decrease carbohydrates in the diet.

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Author:  Marc T. Woodard, MBA, BS Exercise Science, USA Medical Services Officer, CPT, RET.  2008 Copyright.  All rights reserved, Mirror Athlete Publishing, Sign up for your Free eNewsletter.




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