Control Diabetes & Lose Weight Naturally

20 01 2018

Visit COOL-places that motivate you to walk more.

Last Updated:  20 January 2018

A good way to manage diabetes and lose weight safely is to understand the connection between the different types of carbohydrate foods consumed…  And the effects unhealthy food choice has on blood sugar levels can lead to illness and disease.

Learn how to select healthier food choices listed in a Glycemic Index (GI).  When applying this knowledge consistently – helps to maintain safe blood sugar levels and supports safe and natural weight loss.

The Glycemic Index (GI) ranks carbohydrate foods on a scale of 0-100.

Zero represents foods low in absorbable blood sugars – whereas 100 is at the top of the high absorbable sugar content of foods.  When blood sugar levels increase above safe levels, or blood sugar count is above 105-110 for sustained periods of time, the body produces more insulin.  This hormone regulates blood sugar levels for metabolic use and stores the unused energy-fuel into fat cells for later use to get work done.

How are Low-GI foods a healthier choice?  Because they are low absorbable sugar foods [carbohydrates] they are slower to digest and absorb more efficiently into the blood stream.  Low-GI foods have a better metabolic efficiency exchange to regulate blood sugar levels, body weight and reduces other related illness and disease health risk associated with obesity.

In short, diabetes is defined and diagnosed as type 1 or 2. Whereas insulin function is designed to sustain “healthy blood sugar levels and metabolic receptors.” However when insulin and receptor function become less efficient, or break and not medically treated – blood sugar levels remain high and weight continues to increase as well as health risk.

To learn more about Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes and the differences between the two – Click on the link to learn more on topic,Diabetes a Serious Disease.”

Both simple and complex carbohydrates are necessary in the diet to maintain good health.  However it is a balance of quantity and quality of total carbohydrate calories consumed that can predict an obesity or pre-diabetic course.  Eating too much of any one food, or the same types of macro and micronutrients daily without variety [Tip: Balance macro nutrients: proteins, carbohydrates and fats] – can lead to any number of health risk problems – the focus here is overload of high sugar concentrate foods.

It is the complex carbohydrates [low sugar concentrate foods] that also delay hunger pains, making weight loss an easier proposition; while alleviating, or preventing the symptoms of diabetes.

Also don’t be fooled in believing “ONLY” low glycemic foods listed within an index can fully remove or resolve all ill-health symptoms; and/or health risk when sedentary and other bad habits and behavior don’t change.

Walk Daily – Get Fit Healthy

The other 50% of the healthy metabolic exchange equation requires daily aerobic exercise.

I’ve worked with many clients throughout the years providing them Customized Fitness and Healthy Habit Programs relative to lifestyle.  Once they learned how easy it was to apply a balanced whole foods diet and exercise daily – weight loss goals were achieved.  Learn More at:  Weight Loss and Fitness Secrets Revealed – New Year New You!

The food groups listed below are determined by medical and dietary professionals as healthier food choices for anyone. Especially those diagnosed as obese and/or with diabetes.

The American Diabetes and American Dietetic Associations have not yet adapted the GI concept.  It appears this has more to do with lack of empirical data required of each food group within the macronutrient-carbohydrate category.  Regardless of empirical data – the GI provides healthier food choice selection for anyone… whereas a majority of the medical community would acknowledge the index as a safe and nutritious guideline for those needing to lose weight safely and control blood sugar levels.

If you have not been successful at weight loss, I highly recommend you request a referral from a primary care physician to see a diabetic, metabolic, or endocrine specialist.  Also ask the medical specialist about healthy food choice using a preferred Glycemic Food Index (GI).  Find out more about GI food choices through an Internet search engine, or visit your local book store.

Listed below are a few food examples listed in the GI.

Eat more healthy farmed fresh whole foods

Lower Glycemic Food Index (GI).   Sugar alcohols (Sorbitol, Maltitol) Soy drinks, milk, yoghurt, Sweet potatoes, yams, vegetables, Fruits – plums, pears, peaches, grapes, grapefruit, cherries, bananas, apples, avocados, fresh juices.  Dried beans, peas, lentils.  Spaghetti, pasta, Basmati rice, Whole grain breads and pita Nuts and seeds.

Higher Glycemic Food Index (GI) Ice cream (low-fat), frozen yogurt.  White bread, doughnuts, croissants, rice cakes, bagels.  White potatoes, corn, white rice.  Low fiber cereals – Cornflakes, RiceKrispies, Fruit loops, etc.  Pineapple, cantaloupe, watermelon, ripe bananas.  Soda, sugar sweetened sports and energy drinks.  Candy, sugar.

High Glycemic Deserts

If you get into the habit of choosing and consuming healthier foods – It will take about 2 weeks to naturally begin craving them.

Giving up an addictive hyper-palatable food habit is the toughest challenge for those struggling with unhealthy body weight and diabetes.  However, if you can stick to healthier low sugar content food group; you’ll feel better, have more energy, lose weight and experience less hunger pain while increasing fitness levels.  And just maybe you’ll be less dependent on certain medications.

Sedentary habits and behavioral disorders aren’t the only cause of unhealthy weight gain. Limited mobility, genetic disorders and other medical conditions must be considered and treated by a medical specialist, especially when complicated by obesity and diabetes.

As a side note…  never forego taking prescribed medications even if you improve diet and have significant weight loss and experience relief of diabetic, or other ill-health symptoms.  Follow all doctor prescription and treatment recommendations.

Good health to you and your family.

Author:  Marc T. Woodard, MBA, BS Exercise Science, USA Medical Services Officer, CPT, RET.  2018 Copyright, All rights reserved.  MirrorAthlete Inc.,  Publishing @: www.mirrorathlete.com, Sign up for your free monthly eNewsletter.





Diabetes A Serious Disease

19 09 2017

Diabetes Basics 101 – Reduce Health Risk.

Last Updated:  19 January 2018

An individual with blood sugar levels outside of normal range and diagnosed as having low insulin production… and/or glucose absorption malfunction is best described as a Type 1 or Type 2 diabetic.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas allowing glucose to be absorbed by the body.  This hormone is required to stabilize & metabolize the body’s sugar.  Insulin triggers cells of the body to absorb glucose from the blood stream storing the glucose as glycogen within the liver, muscle and fat tissue cells.  Glucose in the blood stream and glycogen are the primary muscle storage fuel sources used first by the body’s metabolism to mobilize it and get work done.  A diabetic without insulin develops “diabetic ketoacidosis,” which can lead to coma, or death.

Diabetes is treatable since insulin shots became available in 1921.  “However, there is still no cure.”

Exercise activity is a proactive measure to help combat juvenile onset diabetes.

There are two type of Diabetes: 

Type 1 – Diabetes Mellitus – The pancreases inability to produce insulin requires insulin shots, modified diet and blood monitoring.  This type of diabetes can affect children as well as adults, first dubbed “juvenile diabetes” because it represents a majority of children diagnosed with diabetes. Some scientists believe Type 1 represents an autoimmune problem that results in permanent damage of the pancreases ability to generate insulin.  Exact cause of this disease is unknown.

Eat more farmed fresh whole foods.

Type 2 – Diabetes Mellitus – Although the body produces insulin with Type 2, medication and diet is required to stimulate the body’s insulin receptors to absorb the blood sugar.  Without medication to assist the body’s insulin function this type of person becomes hyperglycemic (high blood sugar), like a Type 1 diabetic.  Should the Type 2 individual stop producing insulin they are then treated as a Type 1 diabetic with insulin shots, blood monitoring, diet, exercise and other medications. 

Treatment consists of insulin shots and possibly other medications.  Healthy habits to mitigate symptoms include: healthy diet, blood monitoring, daily exercise, stop smoking, reduce excess sugar consumption and moderate or give up alcohol to manage either type of diabetic disease.  Diabetes is complicated by other influences, i.e., genetic predisposition, environment and autoimmune factors. 

Other Diabetic Insight: Type 1 can turn into Type 2.  Type 2 diabetic does not have to start as a Type 1.  Onset risk to Type 2 diabetes can be triggered by unhealthy diet and sedentary habits that lead to excess body weight.  Whereas the excess body weight forms around the waist – also known as “Central Obesity.”  Adult obesity can develop into onset-diabetes caused by high percentages of body fat.

Treatment of diabetes is to be taken seriously and considered a serious disease.  If not treated appropriately acute and chronic conditions can and do arise regardless of diabetic type and can cause medical complications. 

Walk anywhere and as often as you can to reduce diabetic symptoms.

Serious long-term complications:  

Mismanagement includes but not limited to:  Cardiovascular disease, chronic renal (kidneys) failure, retinal (eyes) damage, nerve damage, impotence, poor wound healing, and gangrene of the feet (possible amputation), etc.

How do you know if your diabetic?  The initial signs and symptoms of a diabetes…  You’re constantly thirsty and urinate frequently.  This is because your kidneys are desperate to remove the excess blood sugar.  Many also experience dehydration and some end up in the hospital as a result.  It is at this time those patients are often diagnosed as diabetic.  If you have the need to frequently urinate in the middle of the night and are constantly thirsty see a medical doctor for advisement.   

Proactive Steps to Avoid or Reduce Diabetes Health Risk

  1. Choose foods low on the Glycemic Index, “Natural Weight Loss and Diabetes Managed through “GI Knowledge” [Read Now].
  2.  Seek medical diagnosis if you experience extreme weight loss/gain or can’t manage healthy body weight.
  3. Lower blood pressure & cholesterol levels, quit smoking and reduce alcohol intake.
  4. Visit our Health Repository – Read MirrorAthlete Free articles on Weight loss, fitness, health, Nutrition, etc.
  5. Supplement your diet with V&M’s & anti-oxidant Immune boosters.
  6. Eliminate sugar substitutes & reduce total sugar intake in your diet.  Biggest tip – “DO NOT” drink diet sodas and heavily processed foods, i.e., chips, cookies, cake, candy, etc.
  7. Learn more about the context of our 1st Book Publication – Fit Healthy Lifestyle and More.
  8. Exercise daily – Low impact aerobics, i.e, walking, jogging, dance, biking, etc., will help lower diabetic risk and decrease symptoms – including reduction of centralized obesity.
  9. To stabilize healthy blood sugars, maintain glucose counts between 80-120mg/dl which is considered normal.
  10. If you have chronic thirst and urinate frequently see a medical doctor.

If you like our free informational services, don’t hesitate to show your support by “Like” us at our FaceBook page at MirrorAthlete and chime in on everything fitness, health and nutrition.

Thank you for your support.

Good health to you and your family.

Marc T. Woodard, MBA, BS Exercise Science, ARNG, CPT, RET.  2017 Copyright.  All rights reserved, MirrorAthlete Publishing @: http://www.mirrorathlete.com,  Sign up for your Free eNewsletter.





Diabetes Dietary GI (Glycemic Index) and Weight Loss

23 10 2016
Healthy body weight keeps us fit, increases mobility endurance to see more of the world around us.

Author:  Marc Woodard,  “Healthy body weight increases mobility and endurance to see more of the world around us.  Natural whole foods are a big part of this equation.”

Last Updated:  23 October 2016

A good way to manage diabetes and weight loss is to understand the connection between carbohydrates and effects on blood sugar levels.  Learn how to apply the Glycemic Index (GI), choose healthier foods and maintain blood sugar at safe levels while losing weight.

This is an index that ranks carbohydrate foods on a scale of 0-100.  Zero being foods low in absorbable blood sugar and 100 the highest absorbable sugars from foods.

The higher the GI value of foods the higher the blood glucose level in the body.  When blood sugar levels increase from foods consumed the body produces more insulin to store it until the energy fuel is needed to get work done.  When blood glucos levels are sustained over ~105-110 for a period of time it often results in unwanted weight gain and for others disease.  The food groups listed below are determined by many in the health and dietary profession as healthier food choices for diabetics.  Because they are low absorbable sugar foods they are slower to digest and absorbed into the blood.  This helps to lower and maintain blood sugar levels.

I wrote a previous article “Diabetes a Serious Disease.” Click on the link to learn more on topic.  In short, diabetes is defined and diagnosed as type 1 or 2.  Whereas insulin function is critical to maintain blood sugar levels and metabolic receptors use it to nourish and fuel body movement.  When either of these systems break or become less efficient at utilizing blood sugar then risk of disease, or aggravation or worsening of pre-existing ill-health condition may occur.

Once diagnosed as a diabetic it is wise to consume lower absorbable carbohydrate foods.  This choice will help to mitigate damage to nerves,  blood vessels and alleviate diabetic nerve pain.  While reducing excess body fat known to contribute to cardiovascular and circulatory disease.

It is the complex carbohydrates “e.g., whole foods multi-grains and fibrous fruits and vegetables” that also delay hunger pains and support weight loss while alleviating diabetic symptoms.

However don’t be fooled in believing low glycemic foods alone will fully address overweight problems.   Although simple and complex carbohydrates are necessary in the diet, it is the quantity, or total calories consumed in a day that cause body weight to increase.   Eating too much of anything, including healthy foods while living a sedentary lifestyle can lead to any number of health problems.  Not addressed in this article are other factors that may contribute, or lead to diabetes and obesity.  Such as hormonal, immunological and genetic factors.  Maintaining a healthy diet is part of the health equation, but only a medical specialist can determine through diagnosis if other treatment or prescription is necessary to achieve your healthy lifestyle goals.

Below I provide a popular listing of low sugar foods good for overall health and weight management.  The American Diabetes and American Dietetic Associations have not yet adapted the GI concept.  It appears this has more to do with lack of empirical evidence required of each food listed and resulting degree of benefit to a diabetic patient.

If you suspect your diabetic or have long term overweight or obesity challenges, I highly recommend you request a referral of your primary care physician to see an endocrinologist, diabetic or metabolic specialist.  Then request relative laboratory tests to ensure your blood sugars and metabolism are functioning at safe levels.   Also, discuss managing your diet through healthier food choice by using the Glycemic Food Index (GI) as a safe guide to identify low absorbable sugar foods.  Prior to physician visit select the foods you prefer from the index.  Then consult with the doctor in determining if those choices are right for you.  For a full GI listing ask your doctor, use an Internet search engine, or visit your local book store.  Below represents the short lists.

Lower Glycemic Food Index (GI).   Sugar alcohols (Sorbitol, Maltitol) Soy drinks, milk, yoghurt, Sweet potatoes, yams, vegetables, Fruits – plums, pears, peaches, grapes, grapefruit, cherries, bananas, apples, avocados, fresh juices.  Dried beans, peas, lentils.  Spaghetti, pasta, Basmati rice, Whole grain breads and pita Nuts and seeds.

Higher Glycemic Food Index (GI) Quicker Acting Carbohydrates Ice cream (low-fat), frozen yogurt.  White bread, doughnuts, croissants, rice cakes, bagels.  White potatoes, corn, white rice.  Low fiber cereals – Cornflakes, RiceKrispies, Fruit loops, etc.  Pineapple, cantaloupe, watermelon, ripe bananas.  Soda, sugar sweetened sports and energy drinks.  Candy, sugar.

Since I’m not one to follow the letter of the dietary law, I do eat some high absorbable sugar foods in moderation.  But mostly I consume foods listed in the lower GI.  It’s not because I’m a diabetic, I just prefer those foods.  If you get into the habit of choosing healthier foods, after about 2 weeks you’ll begin to naturally crave them.

It is the hyper-palatable, or over sweetened processed foods by food engineers and unhealthy alcohol and mixed drink habits that addict us to the high absorbable sugar products.   Breaking the simple carbohydrate  food habit by learning how to moderate it in the diet is a challenge for some.  For others, not so much.  Give a healthier food choice a try and see if you can begin a new and healthier dietary habit.  If it works for you, you’ll feel better, have more energy, lose weight without hunger pains and mobility and fitness levels will increase.  And just maybe you’ll be less dependent on some medications and want to do more daily exercise.

As a side note…  never forego taking prescribed medications even if you improve diet and have significant weight loss and relief of diabetic symptoms .  Follow all doctor treatment and prescription advise.   Only a doctor can determine if removal of certain meds is right for you.

Take the low glycemic diet challenge and explore the world one step at a time. "You Can Do It!"

Take the low glycemic food diet challenge.  Explore the world one step at a time. “You Can Do It!”

If you’d like to prepare healthier foods for your family, check out our book store at the home site to find recipe books, specialized diets and cook books, etc.  These books & magazines provide a plethora of different ideas on how you can prepare tastey foods for those with diabetes, or those looking to get more fit and lose weight.

Author:  Marc T. Woodard, MBA, BS Exercise Science, USA Medical Services Officer, CPT, RET.  2016 Copyright, All rights reserved.  MirrorAthlete Inc.,  Publishing @: www.mirrorathlete.com, Sign up for your free monthly eNewsletter.





Diabetes Diet GI (Glycemic Index) Tips

18 11 2008

A good way to manage diabetes through diet is to understand the Glycemic Index (GI).   This is an index that ranks carbohydrate foods on a scale from 0-100.  The higher the GI value the greater the absorption of the food sugar and therefore the greater the blood sugar (glucose) levels in the body. Remember, when a diabetic increases blood sugar then the body requires more insulin.  This is not good for a diabetic. The food groups listed below are carbohydrates that are slower to digest and absorbed.  This helps the body to keep blood sugars lower.

I wrote “Diabetes a Serious Disease,” filed within our health repository including many more disease prevention health articles.  In this article I define diabetes types and insulin function which is critical to metabolize the body’s sugar in order to maintain good health and not risk serious disease, or agitate an existing health condition.

Lower glycemic foods are slower to digest mitigates damage to nerves and blood vessels and also delays hunger pains which aid in managing weight.  Don’t be fooled and falsely lead to believe low glycemic foods allows one an open invite to consumption without thought to calories.  Eating too much of anything, including healthy foods can increase your body weight.

One last note of importance before I provide the popular listing of foods…  The American Diabetes Association and American Dietetic Association have not yet adapted the GI concept.  If you are/aren’t a diabetic and have been having weight management problems, I highly recommend you see your physician and request a blood draw and/or other test to ensure your blood sugars are being maintained at safe levels.   Also, discuss managing your diet through food selections under the Lower Glycemic Food Index (GI) below.

Lower Glycemic Food Index (GI). Slower Acting Carbohydrates (Recommend More in Diabetic Diet) Sugar alcohols (Sorbitol, Maltitol) Soy drinks, milk, yoghurt, Sweet potatoes, yams, vegetables, Fruits – plums, pears, peaches, grapes, grapefruit, cherries, bananas, apples, avocados, fresh juices.  Dried beans, peas, lentils.  Spaghetti, pasta, Basmati rice, Whole grain breads and pita Nuts and seeds.

Higher Glycemic Food Index (GI) Quicker Acting Carbohydrates (Recommend Less in Diabetic Diet) Ice cream (low-fat), frozen yogurt.  White bread, doughnuts, croissants, rice cakes, bagels.  White potatoes, corn, white rice.  Low fiber cereals – Cornflakes, RiceKrispies, Fruit loops, etc.  Pineapple, cantaloupe, watermelon, ripe bananas.  Soda, sugar sweetened sports and energy drinks.  Candy, sugar.

Since I’m not one to follow the letter of the law regarding my own personal diet and cannot give up everything I enjoy; I do recommend you try switching out some foods in your diet to assist in keeping your blood sugars lower and to assist in managing your weight.   I recommend you vary some of the higher glycemic foods consumed daily, to some of the Lower Glycemic Food Index (GI) options.  I’m not advocating an increase in consuming more carbohydrates but instead, substituting carbohydrate food types when considering meal preparation.  Over consumption, regardless of GI food composition would not help you in maintaining, or achieving your weight goals.  If you’d like a larger listing of Lower GI carbohydrates; health stores, magazines, Internet, nutritionist can easily provide this information.

If you’d just like to prepare healthier foods for your family, visit our integrated magazine store and/or health store to find recipe books, diet cook books, etc.  These books & magazines provide a plethora of different ideas on how you can prepare tasteful foods for those with diabetes, or those with weight loss goals, etc.  Our integrated wellness stores also have coupon savings!”  These health magazines can provide more tips, tricks and recommendation in maintaining good health.

Author:  Marc T. Woodard, MBA, BS Exercise Science, USA Medical Services Officer, CPT, RET.  2008 Copyright, All rights reserved.  Mirror Athlete Enterprises Publishing @: www.mirrorathlete.com, Sign up for your free monthly eNewsletter.





Diabetes A Serious Disease

21 10 2008

An individual with elevated blood sugar (glucose) levels outside of normal and/or glucose absorption problems is described to be diabetic.  Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas allowing glucose to be absorbed by the body.   This hormone is required to stabilize & metabolize the body’s sugar.  Insulin triggers cells of the body to absorb glucose from the blood stream storing the glucose as glycogen within the liver, muscle and fat tissue cells.  Glucose in the blood stream and glycogen are the primary fuel sources used first by the body’s metabolism.  A diabetic without insulin develops “diabetic ketoacidosis,” which can lead to coma, or death. Diabetes is treatable since insulin shots became available in 1921.  “However, there is still no cure.” 2 Diabetes Types: 

Type 1 – Diabetes Mellitus – The pancreases inability to produce insulin requires insulin shots, diet and blood monitoring.  This type of diabetes can affect children as well as adults, first dubbed “juvenile diabetes” because it represents a majority of children diagnosed with diabetes. Some scientists believe Type 1 represents an autoimmune issue that results in permanent damage of the pancreases ability to generate insulin.  Exact cause of this disease is unknown.

Type 2 – Diabetes Mellitus – Although the body produces insulin with Type 2, medication and diet is required to stimulate the body’s insulin receptors to absorb the blood sugar.  Without medication to assist the body’s insulin function this type of person becomes hyperglycemic (high blood sugar), like a Type 1 diabetic.  Should the Type 2 individual stop producing insulin they are then treated as a Type 1 diabetic with insulin shots, blood monitoring, diet, exercise and other medications. 

Treatment consists of insulin shots, other medications, dietary, blood monitoring, aerobic exercise, etc., to manage these 2 diseases.  This disease is complicated by other influences, i.e., genetic predisposition, environmental and autoimmune factors.  Type 1 can turn into Type 2.  Type 2 diabetic does not have to start as a Type 1.  Onset risk to Type 2 diabetes can be triggered by obesity and signified as “Central Obesity” around the waist (also known as adult onset diabetes).  Blood Glucose should be maintained between 80-120mg/dl which is considered normal blood sugar levels.  Find your BMI (Body Mass Index) at our home site to determine your obesity risk. 

Controlled treatment of diabetes is considered a serious health condition, because if not treated appropriately acute and chronic conditions can and do arise regardless of what type of diabetes one may have.  Serious long-term complications of diabetes mismanagement include but not limited to:  Cardiovascular disease, chronic renal (kidneys) failure, retinal (eyes) damage, nerve damage, impotence, poor wound healing, and gangrene of the feet (possible amputation), etc. 

Recommendations: 
1.   Seek medical diagnosis if you experience extreme wt loss/gain, or can’t manage your weight.
2.   Maintain low blood pressure & cholesterol intake; quit smoking and consumption of alcohol.
3.   See IBW (Ideal Body Weight) & BMI (Body Mass Index). Use our Home Site Fitness Calc.
4.   Visit our Health Repository – Read MAE articles on Weight Management, Nutrition, etc.
5.   Supplement your diet with V&M’s & Immune booster. See our Wellness Co. Natural Products.
6.   Eliminate sugar substitutes & reduce sugar intake in your diet.  “DO NOT” drink diet sodas!
7.   Weight loss – Increase aerobic activities; Increase fiber & decrease carbohydrates in the diet.
______________________________________________
Issue:  “Breast Health Importance?”  Author:  Marc T. Woodard, MBA, BS Exercise Science, USA Medical Services Officer, CPT, RET.  2008 Copyright.  All rights reserved, Mirror Athlete Publishing, www.mirrorathlete.com.  Sign up for your Free eNewsletter.





Diabetes 101: A Serious Disease

21 10 2008

 

For Each Day That Passes a New Beginning is Possible

For Each Day That Passes a New Beginning is Possible. Develop a healthy exploration and travel habit within your environment. Once you start you’ll crave it daily and stay fit.

Updated:  9 May 2014

An individual with elevated blood sugar (glucose) levels outside of normal and/or glucose absorption problems is described to be diabetic.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas allowing glucose to be absorbed by the body.  This hormone is required to stabilize & metabolize the body’s sugar.  Insulin triggers cells of the body to absorb glucose from the blood stream storing the glucose as glycogen within the liver, muscle and fat tissue cells.  Glucose in the blood stream and glycogen are the primary muscle storage fuel source used first by the body’s metabolism.  A diabetic without insulin develops “diabetic ketoacidosis,” which can lead to coma, or death.

Diabetes is treatable since insulin shots became available in 1921.  “However, there is still no cure.” 2 Diabetes Types: 

Type 1 – Diabetes Mellitus – The pancreases inability to produce insulin requires insulin shots, diet and blood monitoring.  This type of diabetes can affect children as well as adults, first dubbed “juvenile diabetes” because it represents a majority of children diagnosed with diabetes. Some scientists believe Type 1 represents an autoimmune issue that results in permanent damage of the pancreases ability to generate insulin.  Exact cause of this disease is unknown.

Type 2 – Diabetes Mellitus – Although the body produces insulin with Type 2, medication and diet is required to stimulate the body’s insulin receptors to absorb the blood sugar.  Without medication to assist the body’s insulin function this type of person becomes hyperglycemic (high blood sugar), like a Type 1 diabetic.  Should the Type 2 individual stop producing insulin they are then treated as a Type 1 diabetic with insulin shots, blood monitoring, diet, exercise and other medications. 

Treatment consists of insulin shots, other medications, dietary, blood monitoring, aerobic exercise, etc., to manage these 2 diseases.  This disease is complicated by other influences, i.e., genetic predisposition, environmental and autoimmune factors.  Type 1 can turn into Type 2.  Type 2 diabetic does not have to start as a Type 1.  Onset risk to Type 2 diabetes can be triggered by obesity and signified as “Central Obesity” around the waist (also known as adult onset diabetes).  Blood Glucose should be maintained between 80-120mg/dl which is considered normal blood sugar levels. 

Controlled treatment of diabetes is to be taken seriously and considered a serious health condition.  Because if not treated appropriately acute and chronic conditions can and do arise regardless of what type of diabetes one may have.  Serious long-term complications of diabetes mismanagement include but not limited to:  Cardiovascular disease, chronic renal (kidneys) failure, retinal (eyes) damage, nerve damage, impotence, poor wound healing, and gangrene of the feet (possible amputation), etc. 

Recommendations:
1.   Seek medical diagnosis if you experience extreme wt loss/gain, or can’t manage your weight.
2.   Maintain low blood pressure & cholesterol intake; quit smoking and consumption of alcohol.
3.   See IBW (Ideal Body Weight) & BMI (Body Mass Index) found with our internal subscriber page.  Visit our Home Site Fitness Calc.
4.   Visit our Health Repository – Read MirrorAthlete Free articles on Weight loss, fitness, health, Nutrition, etc.
5.   Supplement your diet with V&M’s & anti-oxidant Immune boosters.  Read our free articles on Anti-Aging and longevity secrets.
6.   Eliminate sugar substitutes & reduce sugar intake in your diet.  “DO NOT” drink diet sodas!
7.   Weight loss – Increase aerobic activities; Increase fiber & decrease carbohydrates in the diet.

“Like” us at our FaceBook page MirrorAthlete and chime in on everything fitness, health and nutrition.
______________________________________________
Author:  Marc T. Woodard, MBA, BS Exercise Science, USA Medical Services Officer, CPT, RET.  2008 Copyright.  All rights reserved, Mirror Athlete Publishing, Sign up for your Free eNewsletter.